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The present study is basically oriented toward the connections between ‘power and identity,’ and the traumatic events of September 11. The tragedy that shook the US has illuminated with striking precision that the conflict between the West and the non-West is essentially about power and identity. This political and ideological conflict revolves around the hegemonic determinants that create unequal power relations based on twofold oppositions: ‘us’ and ‘them.’ The thesis attempts a post-colonial study of selected 9/11 plays written as a response to the attacks and the US political policies. It illuminates the neo-colonial nuance which inheres in these plays, focusing on the power tactics employed by the US as part of its neo-colonial policy towards creating the ‘American empire.’ The second part of the thesis reveals how this hegemonic policy is related to the basic constructs of the positive identity of the West and the negative one of the non-West. Few scholarly works explore in depth the linkage between post-colonialism and 9/11, and this is where the originality of the study stems from. Moreover, how this globalizing agenda is dramatized in world literature, in a variety of works by playwrights of different ethnic backgrounds, is an indispensable contribution to the field.