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Background: Workplace violence in the medical sector is a worldwide concern with healthcare workers being at high risk of becoming victims. Violence is an important issue in medical settings that influences turnover intention of nurses. Aim: This study was aimed to assess the relationship between workplace violence and turnover intention among staff nurses. Design: A descriptive correlational research design was used. Setting: the study was conducted at El- Fayoum university hospitals which include surgical and medical hospital. Subjects: The study subjects included a representative sample of 196 staff nurses out of 400 staff nurses. Tools of data collection: data were collected by using two tools namely workplace violence questionnaire and anticipated turnover scale. Results: the findings of current study revealed that studied nurses reported that societal factors had the highest percentages for factors contributing to workplace violence, while personal factors had the lowest percentages. The exposure of studied nurses to verbal workplace violence was the highest, while sexual violence was the lowest with the most common perpetrators of violence were the patients and their relatives. Also, more than half of them intend to leave work. Conclusion: there were highly statistically significant and positive correlations between workplace violence dimensions and turnover intention. Recommendations: top manager should develop a workplace violence policy for the institution, which explains the process that should occur after an employee has been assaulted and conduct training programs for nursing personnel regarding violence and coping strategies to deal with violence.