Only 14 pages are availabe for public view
Sexual behaviors in children are common, occurring in 42 to 73 percent of children by the time they reach 13 years of age. Developmentally appropriate behavior that is common and frequently observed in children includes trying to view another person’s genitals or breasts, standing too close to other persons, and touching their own genitals. Sexual behaviors become less common, less frequent, or more covert after five years of age.
Sexual behaviors in infants are rare, with the exception of hand to genital contact. Beyond infancy, sexual behaviors increase as toddlers become more aware of their body parts, including their genitals, physiologic sensations deriving from their genitals, and gender differences.
In general, sexual behaviors in children two to five years of age are of a greater variety and are more common compared with the behaviors in children older than five years. once the child becomes aware of social rules regarding sexual behaviors in public, those behaviors become more covert.
Sexual behaviors may not necessarily diminish beyond five years of age, but rather the behaviors are not observed by parents as often because children spend less time at home and more time at school, require less supervision, and learn the social norms for concealing sexual behaviors.
Sexual behavior should be interpreted with consideration of several factors: the parent’s view of sexuality, family stressors, cultural origins, and day care arrangements. Mothers with more years of education are more likely to think sexual behavior in children is normal and to acknowledge these behaviors in their children compared with mothers with fewer years of education, who are less likely to think sexual behavior in children is normal.
Parents who view all sexual behaviors as unacceptable may indicate that the behavior is disruptive and abnormal when it may be within developmentally normal limits. Parent overreaction to sexual behaviors may also escalate these behaviors if the child is intrigued or reinforced by the parent’s distress. In such situations, the parent’s discomfort with issues of sexuality may need to be addressed, particularly if the parent’s reaction produces more aberrant behavior in the child.
The aim of current study is To observe the developmental course of describe normative sexual behaviors in 2- to 12-years-old Egyptian children, to assess the relative frequencies of different types of sexual behaviors reported in this normative sample children by their parents, assess the relationship of sexual behaviors to family variables, assess factors that is associate with increased frequencies of sexual behaviors in children.
This is a cross sectional study a random sample of children aged from 2-12 years old. The study was done in pediatric hospital one of el-demerdash hospitals, including 465 children of both genders. It was designed as 3 parts demographic data, strength & difficulties questionnaire & sexual behaviours questionnaire which consist of 36 questions that was collected from “The child sexual behavior inventory (CSBI)” developed by William N. Fredrich & “General behavior checklist to parents. A Swedish version of the general behavior checklist (BCL)” developed by Richman and Graham. the sexual behaviour questions were translated & modified by researchers on this study to make it more suitable for our culture & conservative community.
The number of children in this study is 465 aged from 2 to 12 years old in pediatric hospital of Ain Shams university. It was divided in three groups: preschool aged children from 2-5 years 213 child (42.6%), school aged children from 6-9 years 147 child (29.4%) & preadolescents from 10 to 12 years 140 child (28%). The study Included both males and females.
The demographic data that included in our study is child age, gender, education, order between his sibling, his male & female sibling, SDQs. Parents age, education, job, relation between each other & with child &the history of sexual abuse
Out of 465 of participant children 35 of parents (7%) refused to answer the sexual behaviour questionnaire, the final sample include 465 with 238 males and 226 females. The preschool group had (24.4%) males and (18.2%) females, school aged group had (13.2%) male and (16.2%) females, while the preadolescents group males represented with (13.8%) males’ child and females (14.2%).
About 22% of children reported to touch their genitals at home, 17.2% reported to ask about sexual acts, 12% reported to take their clothes Infront of others & show his genitals to other children & 11 % reported to touch their mother breast & flirt with strangers.
In preschool children, the most recorded behaviours were touching his genitals at home, touching their genitals at public & showing their genitals to other children.
As for school aged children they were touching their genitals at home, asking about sexual acts & using sexual words
As regarding preadolescents, the most recorded behaviours were of them ask about sexual acts, touching his genitals at home & using sexual words& watching naked pictures.
Regarding sexual Behaviours & gender results showed that boys were reported by their parents to have more frequent sexual behaviours than girls
Regarding family factors, Father’s age shows positive correlation with most of sexual behaviours, while Mother’s age shows a negative relationship with the following behaviors
Mother’s education shows a significant correlation with most of sexual behaviours”, it shows positive correlation with all sexual behaviours. while Father education also shows positive correlation all of sexual behaviours.
Father’s job shows a positive correlation with all sexual behaviours & mothers job shows positive correlated to most of sexual behaviours & income shows positive correlation with most of sexual behaviors.
parents’ relationship with each other’s & father relation with child show positive correlation with all sexual behaviours while Mother relation shows positive correlation with most of behaviours
Home violence shows significant with most of the sexual behaviours & all home general behaviours such as “wearing semi-naked cloths, sexual talk, parents watching porn & child access to porn” shows a positive correlation with all sexual behaviours
At the end, Children are constantly learning social norms and what is expected or appropriate in interactions and relationships. There are healthy and common expressions of sexuality that children are likely to show at different developmental stages. Often, it’s better to let parents know which behaviors are appropriate and indicate healthy childhood sexual development