يوجد فقط 14 صفحة متاحة للعرض العام
Recently, the problem of street children has been exaggerated greatly in many Arab countries, many Islamic institutions hasten in limiting this phenomenon and its result of many problems that contribute in depriving a great section of these children in satisfying their psychological and social needs. Street children is an international phenomenon: international statistics proved that there are (100-150) millions of children living in the street, while statistics emphasized that street children in the Arab world range between (6-15) millions children: as organization of international health indicates that street children in Egypt only exceed million children while other sources estimate that between (900 thousands and million and half children).
While street children number exceeds 3.5 million children, it may be 4 millions, this number equals inhabitants of five gulf countries, they represent temporary bombs that are ready for explosion at any moment in the community.
Hence street children phenomenon is based on a national confrontation that depends on organized and integrated group effort of governmental institutions and civil community organizations and private sector and putting mechanisms that ensure a great deal of coordination and effectiveness in participation between all societal parties for implementing a vision that ensure community’s change, vision and passivity of these children.
When talking about lodging institution as an organization, that fact imposes exposure in field of lodging care generally.
Despite that lodging in institutions becomes an urgent necessity imposed by societal conditions.
Children are half of the present and all of the future, from here children and caring about them and way of protecting them from risks facing them are the talk of the hour. These risks differ by environment difference and the surrounding in which they are and elements with which they interact directly or indirectly, always and sometimes and they affect their social behavior that may develop deformed if the childe lost the necessary and intact deal of care.
We know well that gained human behavior either it is intact or wrong, normal or abnormal develops gradually with the child, bad habits in the individuals are rarely accidental in their lives after reaching legal age. They grow with them since youngness according to training or socialization in the family or outside it, this leads at negative results on the child and community respectively so prevention from them is the base and treating them in childhood stage is more feasible on natural and intact development of the child.
So this study tries to study behavioral problems for street children and the way of dealing with them through social institutions and the way of treating them through social institutions and the way of treating them so research problems tries to answer the main inquiry of research which is;
What is role of social institutions in treating behavioral problems for street children?
It lies in studying behavioral problems as lying, stealing and violence and measuring effect extent of applied programs in social institutions on these behaviors concerning the way of treating them and if they are effective on street child behaviors, children aging between 5-10 years is focused on, it is the category that may be liable to treatment and change than older age that is sometimes difficult to affect in particularly by competent institutions.
Significance on the theoretical level
It lies in presenting the theoretical framework that includes all pivots and roles through which the researcher finds radical reasons of the problem and way of solving it.
Significance on the applied level
On the field study level, the way of finding behavioral differences between street child and child of social institution were identified which emphasizes role of social institutions of their role on level of presenting programs.
This study aims at studying street children in social institutions and away from them by the aim of identifying role of these social institutions in change and rehabilitation of behaviors particularly children in institutions than children outside them, this study objectives lie in the following:
1. Identifying common behavioral problems among street children.
2. Identifying used behavior modification programs of rehabilitation of these children behaviorally and applied programs in social institutions.
3. Identifying effectiveness extent of applied behavior modification programs in social institutions in alleviating behavioral problems for street children.
4. Identifying differences extent between behavioral problems of street children who are inhabitants in social institutions and children who are inhabitants away from them.
5. Uncovering differences between males and females in type of behavioral problems for which street children suffer.
1. Street children
2. Behavioral problems
3. Social institutions
1. There are differences in common behavioral problems among street children who are inhabitants in social institutions and children who are inhabitants away from them.
2. There are differences between females and males in type of behavioral problems from which street children suffer.
3. There are differences between females and males in type of behavioral problems from which inhabitants in social institutions suffer.
4. Evaluating used programs in behavioral therapy for children who are inhabitants in social institutions.
Used Methodology in the study
The researcher used comparative descriptive and semi experimental methodology.
Used Sample in the study
The researcher conducted current study through choosing (30) children aging between (5-10) years as the sample was divided on (15) children in social institutions particularly ”Banat El-Ghad institution in 6th October branch” for caring about street children.
Besides (15) children who were chosen from street and (9) of supervisors, social workers and psychotherapists were chosen from social institutions.
Used Tools in the study
1. A questionnaire for evaluating used programs for behavioral therapy for children who are inhabitants in institutions (presented for supervisors, social workers and volunteers) prepared by the researcher.
2. Using content analysis tool in analyzing data concerning previous questionnaire.
3. A list of behavioral problems for children through observation tool by participation prepared by the researcher.
1. Time Field: research problem was studied along two years.
2. Human Field: it is applied on the chosen sample of street children in social institutions (Banat El-Ghad institution in 6th October branch) and a sample of social workers, psychotherapists and supervisors in the institution.
3. Spatial Field: social institutions (Banat El-Ghad institution in 6th October branch) and their subordinate reception centers and street children.
Appropriate statistical treatments were used for sample nature, study tools and inquiries.
The researcher conducted statistical treatments of tests results as the following statistical methods were used:
T. test of uncorrelated groups for measuring differences between degrees averages of institutions children and street children in behavioral problems.
The study proved the first hypothesis: there is a statistically significant difference between degrees averages of institution children and street children in behavioral problems.
Summary of Study Results
1. There is a statistically significant difference between degrees of institution children and street children in behavioral problems.
2. There are no statistical significant differences between females and males in type of behavioral problems from which street children suffer.
3. There are no statistical significant differences between females and males in type of behavioral problems of the study (lying – stealing – violence) from which inhabitants in social institutions suffer.
4. There are no statistical significant differences at significance level in lying dimension between the two groups.
5. There are statistical significant differences at significance level in stealing dimension between the two groups.
6. There are statistical significant differences at significance level in violence dimension between the two groups.