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The lack of adequate knowledge on preeclampsia can be prevented by educational and awareness program among antenatal mothers indeed educational program is important to improve antenatal mothers’ knowledge toward prevention and early detection of preeclampsia (Jos et al., 2010 & Joseph et al., 2013). The nurse must educated pregnant women who had responsibility of her own health through preventive practice self-care measures as noticing signs and symptoms, diet and emotional support (WHO, 2007; Souza, et al., 2007; Oyira et al., 2009).
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of mothers` self-care brochure on early detection of preeclampsia.
This study was conducted at outpatient antenatal clinic, at EL-Hussein University Hospital & Ain Shams Maternity University Hospital.
The subjects of this study were comprised of convenient sample, the sample contained 100 pregnant mothers who were attending the antenatal outpatient clinic at EL-Hussein University Hospital & Ain Shams Maternity University Hospital.
The data were collected through four tools:
1- An Arabic structured interviewing questionnaire sheet to assess socio-demographic data, mother`s history & mother`s knowledge regarding preeclampsia and self-care measures pre-intervention then 2 & 4 weeks post intervention.
2- Checklist adapted from (Brodovi et al., 2009; Kriss, 2013; Adel, 2013; CNA, 214): to assess women’s practice regarding self-care as degree of edema, urine analysis for sugar and protein, perineal care and breast care).
3- Likert scale modified from (Burazeri et al., 2003) to assess mothers’ attitude regarding self-care for preeclampsia.
4- Follow up sheet to follow mothers’ condition and self-reported complain.
The present study revealed that:
- There was highly statistically significant improvement post intervention compared to pre intervention related to mother`s knowledge about preeclampsia.
- There was highly statistically significant improvement post intervention compared to pre intervention related to total score of mother`s self-care measures about preeclampsia.
- There were highly statistically significant between pre & post intervention related to total score of mother`s practice regarding prevention of preeclampsia as (assess site & degree of edema, urine analysis for sugar and albumin, perineal care & breast care).
- There were no medical or nursing consultation among pregnant women regarding psychological problems.
- There was highly statistically significant improvement in women’s attitude regarding prevention and early detection of preeclampsia.
- There was highly statistically significant relation between women’s knowledge, practice and attitude regarding preeclampsia & its self-care measures (p-value <0.001).
- There were statistically significant relation between women’s knowledge, practice and self-reported complain regarding preeclampsia & its self-care (p-value <0.05).
Based on important findings revealed by the present study, the following recommendation can be suggested:
- Designing and implementing brochures & guidelines to be distributed among pregnant mothers at antenatal clinics to empower them for early detection, early referral and early management of preeclampsia.
- Psychological aspect during pregnancy must be stressed to under gradual technical school of nursing to counsel and educate mothers about self-care stress management.
- Further research is recommended to identify factors and barriers that affecting early detection of preeclampsia.