يوجد فقط 14 صفحة متاحة للعرض العام
There is no doubt that the child enjoys great interest in
all countries of the world, where the children are the builders
of the future and on their shoulders and on their hands rise
Nations, and then the countries of the world did not hesitate
to adopt a set of rights which must be codified to protect the
child and ensure his safety physically, mentally and
psychologically , which is the guarantee of a better future,
So the national legislation of these countries included
provision for the protection and care of children and to
identify the mechanisms of this protection, as well as the
adoption of penalties on any one tries to breach the rights of
the child or to exploit him in a manner not befitting his
childhood and his humanity.
Islamic rules included included protection and care of
human since his birth, and proved his inheritance and passed
his commandment and caused attributed his father did not he
had to commitments to prove eligibility obligatory missing
him and the lack of civil performance has, and that manmade
laws tried to protect child and welfare as well, so it
decided that the rights of the child shall be established with
him since the creation of the embryo where the law
intervenes to establish a hypothesis relationship of life and it
decided his protection until his birth.
In more clarification phrase, we can say that since
nearly one thousand and four hundred years, the Islamic
Sharia has recognized rights and guarantees of the child
which may not be deprived of them, and it committed
Muslims to protect these rights and vowed to execute the
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punishment on each of one breaching the rights of the child
whether in this world and the hereafter.
The Laws interested also to protect the child, and
included the provision deciding a group of rights to protect
him, such as the right to ratios, the right to breastfeeding, the
right to custody, the right to maintenance.
The international efforts combined to adopt
international legislations to protect the child, and those
efforts continued until the conclusion of the Convention on
the Rights of the Child under the umbrella of the United
Nations in 1989, Many countries participated in the
preparation of this important agreement.
The previous mentioned Convention dealt with
number of provisions and rules which would apply and make
it part of domestic law of the country parties, to uphold the
value and protection of children and the preservation of their
rights as well as creating a generous space of freedom so that
it could develop and improve their abilities and aptitudes
through mass entertainment not to mention creative works
which gives the child an opportunity to weighing in love and
The International Convention for the Rights of the
Child is considered an international treaty to regulate and
promote the rights granted to children, and to enhances the
care and attention they are given, it includes 54 Articles,
previously Islam paid attention to much of its components
and Articles more than four centuries ago. All this casts a
burden on the Arab and Islamic countries now for human
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rights education at the strategic level pro-rehabilitation staff
with good experience, and excellent potential to do the job,
although the teachings of Islam created a deep foundation to
the matter of human rights in general and child rights in
particular, and legislated many of them, the ages of
degradation experienced by the nation has made attention to
the education of those rights is weak. The evolution that has
occurred in the whole world in the dissemination of human
rights culture makes a lot of the nations of the earth are in
dire need to rehabilitate herself and expand its educational
activities in this field.
It may be said that there are many international
conventions, which focused on child protection, and these
agreements as follows:
1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.
2. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
3. International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights 1966.
4. Convention on the Prevention of genocide and punish
them in 1948.
5. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women in 1979.
6. Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children
in Emergency and Armed Conflict.
7. Geneva Declaration for the Rights of the Child in
8. Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959.
9. Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989, and